Dr. David B. Goodie, a Specialist Anaesthetist with the Fiji Orthpaedic Outreach, recently returned from a weeklong charitable medical mission in Fiji. For this mission, Sonosite lent Dr. Goodie an M-Turbo, which he promptly put to good use at the Lautoka Hospital in Fiji. He writes:
"[Sonosite] devices have proved invaluable in our work, and since I am the only anaesthetist going on this occasion, an essential item for me to keep up with the workload…The members of the Orthopaedic Outreach team are once again indebted to Sonosite for the kind loan of an M-Turbo Ultrasound for its most recent trip to Fiji. We not only found the ultrasound useful in the operative setting, but the presence of a sonographer on our team meant that where indicated, a scan could be immediately performed in the clinic setting. Where patients present to the outpatient clinics with an array of confusing signs and symptoms, such a facility readily added to the diagnostic process, and streamlined the plan of management."
Dr. Goodie gave a detailed report of how he used the Sonosite M-Turbo ultrasound device in a variety of difficult cases under challenging conditions, for both clinical and diagnostic applications. He took with him the basic M-Turbo unit, a single HFL38 probe, and the power supply.
Ultrasound-Guided Blocks as the Sole Anaesthetic Technique
Although working anaesthesia machines were available, Dr. Goodie’s team had limited access to “modern drugs” that could aid in the speedy recovery of their patients. Dr. Goodie opted to go with regional anaesthesia, which meant patients could return to their wards in a lucid state. In addition, patient issues sometimes dictated that regional blockade for surgery was preferable to general anaesthesia. Since a large proportion of their workload involved distal upper limb surgery, they mostly performed the axillary blockade of the brachial plexus.
Teaching Applied Anatomy for Regional Anaesthesia
The local Fijian anaesthetists have only very recently had access to ultrasound, and even then, the machine they were using was not well suited for regional anaesthesia. These anaesthetists still had to use “landmark” techniques for performing blocks. Dr. Goodie’s team was able to demonstrate the variable anatomy of the brachial plexus at the level of the axillary artery, and how these blocks might fail.
Dr. Goodie’s team examined a woman in her seventies who had a displaced and comminuted hip fracture from an injury 10 days earlier. For technical reasons, an attempt at spinal anaesthesia was unsuccessful. The surgery, performed under general anaesthetic, was extremely challenging and prolonged. Fortunately, the team was able to use ultrasound to perform a femoral nerve block, ensuring that post-operative pain was not an issue for her.
Suspected Subclavian Vein Thrombosis
In another difficult case, Dr. Goodie’s team examined a man in his forties who had sustained severe injuries as a result of a motor vehicle accident. The man had spent several days in ICU with bilateral chest drains inserted for traumatic haemo-pneumothorax, and had a severely displaced left clavicle fracture. His orthopaedic issue was a Lisfranc fracture/dislocation that would need surgery. The man also exhibited a swollen left arm and hand with significant neurological deficits. The medical team believed that the clavicular fracture may have disrupted his brachial plexus, and they also feared that it could lead to thrombosis in the major vessels draining the upper limb.
A bedside ultrasound was performed to assess the man’s venous drainage. Although there was demonstrable thrombosis in the deep vessels from the elbow distally, and within the cephalic vein system to the level of the shoulder, he was fortunate that the axillary and subclavian veins at that stage were clear of clot.
Dr. Goodie concluded the M-Turbo was indispensable in their weeklong medical mission.
"The M-Turbo found a use many times a day during our week long tour of duty...it was entirely adequate four our purposes. [The M-Turbo] could be easily transported and whether diagnostic or therapeutic use, the resolution and the choice of presets [were] suitable for all our needs. Again in closing, we extend our gratitude to the company, and the individuals who have made it possible the provision of a loan machine. It is our sincere hope that Fuji Sonosite can assist us once again in our future medical outreach ventures."